We now have added "Informational Posts" which are tidbits of information that may come in handy at some point.


Sources and more information

 • Sinkholes, USGS Fact Sheet 2007-3060
 • Land Subsidence in the United States, U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1182
 • Land Subsidence in the United States, USGS Fact Sheet-165-00
 • Carbonate-rock aquifers, Aquifer Basics


How to view Alexa's history


When viewing your Alexa history, you can see a text transcript of all of your questions, and you can even listen to audio recordings.

1-Open the Alexa app on your phone.

2-Tap on the menu button in the upper left corner of your screen that looks like three horizontal lines.

3-Tap Settings. ..Continue..

How to Set Reminders on the Amazon Echo


There are a couple of ways that you can set reminders, one being in the Alexa app on your smartphone and the other using an Echo device with your voice. Both of which are pretty quick and easy.

Perhaps the most useful way to set reminders on your Echo is speaking to Alexa. If you’re not near your Echo, you can use the Amazon app on iPhone or Ubi on Android.

You can phrase them in multiple ways:

“Alexa, remind me about my haircut appointment at 1pm.”
“Alexa, remind me to do laundry in one hour.”
“Alexa, set a reminder for 8am.” She’ll then ask you what it’s about.


How Our Autistic Son Ended up a “Sex Offender for Life”

April 2016:

I was speaking at the Minnesota Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers last week, even as this story was sent to me by my dear friend whose 20something son has Autism.

This issue is so thorny, fraught and sad: If a person is developmentally disabled and therefore not in step with others his or her age, is it any wonder they would, for instance, make inappropriate overtures, or even want to watch child porn, since they relate to the age of the kids in it, and yet are already sexualized young men and women?

It’s not a pleasant topic, but neither is having your child accused of a heinous offense without there being any way the child could understand the consequences. And with that cheery thought, I present you:

Mislabeled a Sex Offender: The Kelmar Family’s Fight for Justice

Posted on April 6, 2016 by The Arc

My name is Brian Kelmar, and I am the father of a 24 year old son who has autism and auditory and sensory processing disabilities. Our nightmare began almost six years ago, right after my son graduated high school. It’s a case of the “perfect storm” that resulted in my son being punished and treated as an outcast in our community and in society.

Do words like “trusting, bullied, eager to please, and not understanding social situations” sound familiar? These words describe my son and how he interacts and/or experiences the world around him. Like others with autism, he had few friends growing up, let alone a girlfriend. That core need for friendship hasn’t changed. He continues to long to fit in and feel included, and have friends in his life that he can talk to. So, when a female friend of my younger son started texting my son, he was so happy that he found someone nice to talk to.

The girl’s texts started innocently enough with just small talk. The communication began when he was away at a college summer orientation where he was learning about the autism program he was to begin in the fall. The texting from her soon became very sexually aggressive, and he did not understand what the texts were about. He answered her questions with short words or answers, such as “like”, “what”, “ok”, and “huh”? She pointed out to him, “you really don’t understand what I am talking about” in regards to her sexual statements like “friends with benefits” and “hooking up,” along with more graphic content which he did not understand. When reading the back and forth texting, it’s clear to anyone reading these messages that they were going right over my son’s head.

Autism spectrum disorder symptoms in juvenile suspects of sex offenses.


To investigate autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms in juvenile suspects of sex offenses.

A group of 175 juvenile suspected sex offenders (all males, mean +/- SD age = 14.9 +/- 1.4 years) was compared with a matched healthy control group (N = 500, mean +/- SD age = 14.0 +/- 1.4 years) and a group of children with DSM-IV-diagnosed ASD (N = 114, mean +/- SD age = 14.2 +/- 1.9 years) with respect to autistic symptoms as measured by means of a standardized questionnaire, the Children's Social Behavior Questionnaire. Furthermore, specific subgroups of sexual offenders, i.e., child molesters, solo peer offenders, and group offenders, were compared with regard to levels of ASD symptoms. The study was conducted from May 2003 to December 2006.

Significantly higher levels of ASD symptoms were found in juvenile sex offenders than in healthy controls, while levels were lower than in the ASD group (F = 148.259, p < .05). Solo peer offenders and child molesters scored higher on several subscales as well as on core autistic symptoms than group offenders (F = 5.127, p < .05). CONCLUSIONS:
Levels of ASD symptoms are higher in juvenile suspects of sex offenses as compared to the healthy population, which argues for considering specific diagnostic assessment in this population, especially in solo offenders and child molesters. ..Continued..