We now have added "Informational Posts" which are tidbits of information that may come in handy at some point.

Analyzing different types of sexual offenders

4-20-2015 National:

It’s known among researchers, sex offender treatment, or any sort of treatment or intervention for criminal behaviour, is most effective when it targets criminogenic needs — problems related to crime.

Chantal Hermann said if Internet offenders — specifically child pornography offenders — are different from other child sexual offenders, then their unique needs have to be taken into consideration to be targeted in treatment.

Hermann, a doctoral student in psychology at Carleton University in Ottawa, spoke about child pornography offenders, during a Cyber-Crime Speaker Series event at Grenfell Campus, Memorial University of Newfoundland on Saturday.

Before presenting to the dozen people who attended, Hermann said her talk would centre on whether or not child pornography offenders are a different type of sex offender relative to the more typical sexual offender, those whose crimes involve some form of contacts.

New Report Finds Incarceration for ‘Status Offenses’ Still Widespread

April 2015:

WASHINGTON – More than half of U.S. states allow children to be detained for repeated nonviolent “status offenses” such as skipping school, running away from home or possession of alcohol, a new report says.

The revelation comes more than 40 years after the landmark Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) stipulated that in states receiving federal juvenile justice grants, no child should be locked up for such minor transgressions. They’re called status offenses because they are considered crimes owing only to a youth’s status as a juvenile.

The provision of the 1974 JJDPA calling for “deinstitutionalization” of status offenders had led to a marked decline in detention of these youths.

But the JJDPA, the main federal juvenile justice law, was amended in 1980 to include an exception allowing judges to confine a youth adjudicated guilty for a status offense if the child had violated a “valid court order” not to repeat the offense.

The report, Status Offenses: A National Survey, by the Washington-based Coalition for Juvenile Justice (CJJ), showed most of the cases of children being detained for status offenses occurred in just a handful of states. But judges can still detain repeat status offenders under the exception in 26 states and Washington, D.C.

CJJ’s 64-page report found the names used to describe status offenses and what constitutes a status offense varied widely among states.

Evaluability Assessments of the Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) Model, Cross - Site Report

October 2013:

The assessment of COSA across five sites concludes that there is no methodological or ethical reason why a randomized control trial of COSA could not be conducted in the United States; however, there are five potential obstacles that must be addressed in order to conduct a successful experimental evaluation of COSA: choice of outcomes; significant differences in program implementation; core member selection issues; sample size, site capacity, and low baselines of recidivism; and ownership of data.

These potential obstacles can be addressed with a combination of realistic precision in program implementation, rigorous experimental control, and an increase in real-world resources. Three recommendations for action are proposed. First, conduct an experimental evaluation of the Vermont COSA program alone.

Second, conduct an experimental evaluation that combines the Vermont COSA and COSA Fresno programs. A third possibility is to allow the fledgling sites to develop and conduct a multi-site evaluation of COSA in the future.

Under the general COSA structure, participants commit to 1 year of participation in COSA meetings, through which they develop new social bonds with other members and staff, receive assistance in assessing the types of services they need, engage in recognition of their risky behaviors, and develop problem solving skills.

To date, there has been no widely accepted evaluation of any COSA program. The current study assessed the viability of a rigorous evaluation of COSA based on site visits to five locations where COSA is operating in the United States: Fresno, CA; Denver, CO; Durham, NC; Lancaster, PA; and Burlington, VT. Extensive data tables, 51 references, and appended supplementary data and information. ..Source.. by Ian A. Elliott, Ph.D. ; Gary Zajac, Ph.D. ; Courtney A. Meyer, M.A.

Links to Individual COSA Study Results
  • Evaluability Assessments of the Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) Model, Cross-Site Report (PDF, 94 pages)
  • Evaluability Assessments of the Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) Model, Site Report: Colorado COSA (PDF, 27 pages)
  • Evaluability Assessments of the Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) Model, Site Report: COSA Durham (PDF, 27 pages)
  • Evaluability Assessments of the Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) Model, Site Report: COSA Fresno (PDF, 30 pages)
  • Evaluability Assessments of the Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) Model, Site Report: COSA Lancaster (PDF, 26 pages)
  • Evaluability Assessments of the Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) Model, Site Report: Vermont COSA (PDF, 30 pages)

COSA Fresno CA
COSA Denver CO ..FAQ..
COSA Durham NC ..Brochure.. ..Calling a sex offender "Friend"..
COSA Lancaster PA
COSA Burlington VT (One of 2 sites)

COSA Wisconsin (Not part of this study)

Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances

June 2005 NCJ 207846:

Compares family and nonfamily violence statistics from victimization through the different stages of the justice system. Family violence is defined as all types of violent crime committed by an offender who is related to the victim and includes spouse abuse, parental violence against a child, and violence among other family members.

Nonfamily relationships used for comparison include boyfriends and girlfriends, friends and acquaintances, and strangers. Data are drawn from victimization surveys, official police statistics, State and Federal court statistics, and surveys of inmates in State prisons and local jails.

  • Family violence accounted for 11% of all reported and unreported violence between 1998 and 2002.
  • About 22% of murders in 2002 were family murders.
  • Of the nearly 500,000 men and women in State prisons for a violent crime in 1997, 15% were there for a violent crime against a family member.
..Source.. by Matthew R. Durose, Caroline Wolf Harlow, Ph.D., Patrick A. Langan, Ph.D., Mark Motivans, Ph.D., Ramona R. Rantala, Erica L. Schmitt

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Subsequent Substance Abuse in a Sample of Sexual Offenders: Implications for Treatment and Prevention

January 2015:

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of substance abuse indicators in a sample of male sexual offenders (N = 679) and to examine the influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) on the likelihood of substance abuse outcomes.

Half of these sex offenders reported a history of drug or alcohol abuse, and nearly one in five reported a substance-related arrest. Higher ACE scores were associated with endorsement of a greater number of substance-abuse-related problems, suggesting that accumulation of early trauma may increase the likelihood for substance misuse.

By enhancing our understanding of the frequency and antecedents of dynamic risk factors such as substance abuse, we can better devise clinical interventions that respond to the comprehensive needs of sexually abusive individuals and reduce risk for sexual reoffense. As well, early interventions for at-risk families and maltreated youth may interrupt their trajectory toward adulthood substance abuse and criminal behavior, including sex offending. ..Source.. by Jill Levenson
School of Social Work, Barry University, Miami Shores, Florida, USA